Discover the beauty of this misterious country, the Sultanate of Oman with White Oryx

Ja 'alan Bani Bu Hussan

Ja 'alan Bani Bu Hussan


To the east is the Wilayat of Sur, to the west the Rimal Aal Wahiba and the Wilayat of Al Mudaibi, to the north the Wilayat of Al Kamil and Al Waafi and to the south the Wilayat of Ja'alan Bani Bu 'Ali. It also stretches south to the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. There are about 160 villages .The Wilayat chose two crossed spears as its emblem which indicates the bravery and courage of its citizens.There is a collection of archaeological sites in the Wilayat. There are 15 castles, the most important being: the castle of Awlaad Murshid in the Al Manjarad area and the castle of Faleej. Al Mahiyul is considered the best fort in the Wilayat, which also has 13 other forts. This shows that, previously, it was a centre of local government. The most important of the 60 towers are: Al Safara, Al Mursid, and Burj Al Saqata. The Wilayat also has 40 ancient mosques.

Springs, falaj and caves make up the tourist attractions of this Wilayat. There are about 15 springs, the most important being : Jabal Qahwan, Al Khatam, Al Balida, Dima, Al 'Aqba and 'Ain Um Al Baqr. The most important falaj are: Al Manjarad, Al Buirad, Al Mahiyul, Al 'Aquiriya, Al Sharqi, Al 'Ais, Hilal and Falaj Al Mashaaikh. There are a number of caves in Jabal Qahwan, which the inhabitants used to live in, to protect themselves and their animals from the fierce winds and rain.   The most important of these caves are : Mataab, Al Halifa, Wadi Al Marish, Matira and Wadi AI 'Atan.. 

Traditional occupations
There are many traditional occupations in the Wilayat, but most of the population are involved with agriculture, which is the main source of income. The soil is very fertile and is suitable for many crops.For irrigation they depend on falaj and wells. The most important agricultural products are: various types of dates, vegetables, and fruit, especially mango. The most important types of date are "Al Khalaas", "Al Madluki" and "Abu Naaranja". The people also graze goats and camels, as the area has a particularly suitable type of grass.In the coastal part of the Wilayat of Ja'alan Bani Bu Hasan, from Bandar Al Saklaa to Bandar Al Jueera, most of the people are fishermen, and this is the main income of the area. Some inhabitants are blacksmiths, making spears and swords and agricultural tools. They also polish and maintain bronze pots, eliminating the toxic sediment from cooking pots, and making them shiny and clean again. In the desert people spin and weave goats hair and so fullfill their needs for woollen items.The "Shamaara" makes leather handicrafts such as scabbards for swords, belts and holsters for rifles. Gold and silver working is also practised, making jewellery and khanjars. Many people in the Wilayat also make woven orearthenware pots (Fakhaar), to such an extent that the wadis in the west of the Wilayat are known as "Khaam Al Fakhaar". There are also some modern industries in the Wilayat which have developed during the Renaissance of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos. The most important of these are dairy products, ice and brick manufacture.