Discover the beauty of this misterious country, the Sultanate of Oman with White Oryx



As its climate is generally different from that of most of the Sultanate's other Governorates, date palms are a rare sight in the Governorate of Dhofar. An exception, however, is the Wilayat of Muqshin, which has many oases with date palms. Muqshin, in the north east of the Governorate of Dhofar on the eastern edge of the Empty Quarter desert, has a population of 529 and is 344 Kilometres from Salalah. It lies in the heart of the desert and consists largely of sand dunes. However, it also has extensive groundwater stocks because it is a meeting point for a number of wadis which flow down from the Dhofar mountain range and al Najd into the sands. It has been visited by numerous travellers and over the centuries many trading caravans have passed through it. Today it is a tourist destination, particularly for amateur explorers and desert sports enthusiasts.
 The Wilayat of Muqshin has four niyabats - Ramlat Muqshin, al Mushash, Mandar al Dhibyan and Marsawdad - as well as a number of desert villages. Ramlat Muqshin is an area of sand dunes 420 Kilometres from Salalah. Al Mushash, on the south-eastern fringes of the Empty Quarter, is also an area of sand dunes and is linked to the centre of the wilayat 240 Kilometres away by a graded road. It is 400 Kilometres from Salalah. Mandar al Dhibyan, also on the south-eastern edge of the Empty Quarter, is linked to the centre of the wilayat by a 160-Kilometre-long graded road and is around 350 Kilometres from Salalah.

Marsawdad, on the southern edge of the Empty Quarter, is 105 Kilometres from the centre of the wilayat and 216 Kilometres from Salalah. In each of the niyabats there is a government-built administrative centre which offers the local inhabitants a range of services.

Muqshin attracts campers and other visitors during the winter months, when it has a mild climate. Some ancient sites and implements discovered in the wilayat show evidence of human settlement during the Palaeolithic period.

Traditional Occupations
The inhabitants here are for the most part herders and breeders, particularly of camels, as well as planters of dates and grasses. They also manufacture goods from leather and palm fronds.