Discover the beauty of this misterious country, the Sultanate of Oman with White Oryx



The Wilayat of Muscat runs along the Gulf of Oman across a long mountain range which stretches from Bandar Najih adjacent to the Wilayat of Muttrah on the north western side between the villages of Muttrah and Riam. Here the villages and mountains of Muscat extend as far as the village of Al Sifa at the borders of the Wilayat of Quriyat in the south east. Muscat has nine villages attached to it, these being Sidab, Haramel, Al Bustan, Al Jussa, Qantab, Yankat, Yiti, Al Khayran Al Sifa and Sifat Al Sheikh. The city of Muscat is counted one of the older cities in history having been built at the outset of the Arab migrations which preceded and followed the destruction of the Maarib Dam. We can safely say that its history predates the arrival of Islam by several centuries. Muscat is distinguished by the presence of citadels, forts, towers, walls, gates and historical houses. 

The municipality of Al Sifa is home to Al Sifa Fort which overlooks the sea from its coastal position and backs onto a valley.

The walls of the city of Muscat were its first line of defense in the fortification and protection of the city from attackers. The city is today encircled by a ditch of natural stone in place of a wall. The Omanis call this wall Al Hosn or the fortification. Other walls are still in existence around the city on two sides, the west and the south. The one that was erected in 1625 AD has round towers built into it. On the northern and eastern side of the city are the natural defense boundaries of the Gulf of Muscat and the eastern mountains.

The walls of Muscat have three principal access points or gates: Bab Al Matha'eeb, the Greater Gate and the Lesser Gate.

The first of these is in the western corner below the Al Mirani Fort. The second is at the extremity of the western rib of the wall and this one is the point of egress to most of the roads leading to the suburbs of Muscat and to the city of Muttrah. The third or Lesser Gate is mid-way along the southern rib of the wall and despite its name is also one of the principal entrances to the city.

Muscat has five historical houses or residences. These are Jeriza, Al Sayed Nader, Al Sayed Abbas bin Faisal, Al Zawawi and the Omani-French Museum; while the Wilayat of Muscat also has 48 mosques.

The villages of Al Jussa, Al Khayran and Al Sifa are coastal tourist resorts with clear blue seas and an appealing landscape of waves and rocks.The coast of Al Jussa has coconut palms and mala'eb trees as well as a number of historic monuments.

The second stretch of coast, Al Khayran, is set between cliffs which nature has eroded into spiny outcrops that rise peg-like from the sea floor. Further along this coast are mangroves known as the ashjar al-qurum.

The third stretch of coastline is at the village of Al Sifa east of the city of Muscat and adjacent to Quriyat. It is a serene and handsome shoreline which draws many locals and residents to this convenient pleasure spot at weekends.

Tourist Attractions

  •      Jalali and Mirani Forts
  •      Bandar Jissah
  •      Ream Park
  •      Kalbou Beach Park
  •      Quriyat Lake Park
  •      The Omani Museum
  •      Bait al Zubair 
  •      The Omani French Museum 

Traditional Occupations

Fishing is one of the foremost traditional livelihoods in the Wilayat of Muscat, whose citizens are passionate in their love for fishing along the whole of its seacoast, so much so that the government has taken important steps to preserve this livelihood, and provided the fishermen of Sidab with a model fishing village which has the intended purpose of strengthening and increasing the townspeople's interaction with the sea and with marine life.
Allied to the practice of fishing as a livelihood is the craft of sewing nets. Four other crafts are also pursued here: basket weaving, tree-felling, herding and folk medicine, in particular bone setting.

Muscat is also distinguished by three other traditional industries and these are: the crafting of gold and silver jewellery, the making of local Omani confectionery and carpentry.