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Bawshar

Bawshar

Situated between the sea and the mountains south west of Muttrah, its population is 149,506 persons spread over its 43 towns and villages. The most noteworthy of these are: Al Khoweir, Sultan Qaboos City, Al Ghubra, Al Adheeba, Ghala, Al Aa'lam (Information City), Al Sarooj, Bowshar Al Qadima (Old Bowshar) Bowshar Bani Umran, Al Ansab Sanab, Al Hamam, Al Awabi and Al Misfah. Its archaeological remains and the ancient narratives suggest a history going back to the second millennium BC. It is also said –and it is likely to be true – that the name Bowshar is derived from the unrest witnessed by this district in the past, causing it to be called Abu Sharr (the Iniquitous One); until, when matters settled it was shortened to Bowshar.

The Beit Al Kebir (Great House) is amongst its most significant monumental remains. This monument of many names is also known as Beit Al Sayeda Thoraya. Whatever its title it stands as a splendid historical testament, with its unique engravings and feats of design. It is composed of several lobbies and colonnaded galleries and is three storeys high.

Also here are the stronghold and citadel of Al Fatah and the towers: Al Hammam, Sanb, Harat Al Awraa and the tower and Rawla and Sabla of Falaj Al Sham; the Al Sayed Barghash Wall, the two Bouqa of Al Ansab and Al Hammam, the old stone the old suq of Bowshar and Al Khab.

Foremost among the old mosques are the Al Najar Mosque in the Bowshar Bani Umran Municipality which was erected in the thirteenth century AH, and the nearby Al Aweina Mosque, as well as the Sanb Mosque and 56 other lesser mosques scattered throughout the Wilayat. 

Traditional Occupations

Agriculture is the principal livelihood of the inhabitants of the villages of Bowshar, utilizing the waters of the aflaj which descend from the foot of the mountains to irrigate the scattered farms on the plain. This district has some 43 aflaj, most of them tarrying warm water.

It has dozens of varieties of dates, these being the most significant crop of the district, along with citrus fruits, in particular lemons, seasonal crops and fodder.

Fishing and herding are also major livelihoods sere, and traditional crafts practised include silver